Research Skills

Quick tips

The CRAAP test can help you remember steps to use when evaluating information:

C urrency - When was the information published?

R elevance - Does information help answer your question?

A uthority - Who wrote the information? What are their qualifications?

A ccuracy - Is the information reliable, truthful, and correct?

P urpose - Why has the information been written?


Reference: Meriam Library, 2012, Evaluating Information, Meriam Library, viewed 18th December 2014,

Helpful resources

Evaluating Sources, Western University

Evaluating Information for Academic Quality, NYIT Libraries